Grades 4 - 5 - 6
Language Arts
Literature-Based Texts
Social Studies/History


Grade 4

Grade 5

Grade 6


Study of the Commandments 
Bible History 
Before Christ - B.C. 
Anno Domini - A.D. (in the year of our Lord) 
Lives of the Saints 

  Bl. Kateri Tekawitha

  Bl. Junipero Serra

  St. Elizabeth Ann Seton

  St. Francis Cabrini

  St. Isaac Joques

  St. Joan of Arc

  St. John Neumann

  St. Martin de Porres

  St. Rose of Lima

  St. Vincent de Paul

  Continue to develop an understanding of the

  Christian way of life through a study of the Beatitudes, the Ten commandments and the Commandment of Love, traditions of the liturgy, the Sacraments of Initiation, and various forms of prayer and service.

  Help the student to perceive that it is within the community of the Church, with the power of the Holy Spirit, that the people of God are enabled to live this Christian way of life.

  Review the prayers already learned: Sign of the Cross, Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory Be, Act of Contrition, and the Apostles' Creed.

  Review the Joyful, Sorrowful, and Glorious Mysteries of the Rosary.

  Introduce the Latin versions of: Pater Noster (Our Father)Ave Maria (Hail Mary)

  Gloria(Glory Be)

  Continue to learn responses for Mass.

  Continue to provide opportunities for spontaneous prayer.

  Study stories from both the Hebrew and Christian Scriptures.

  Continue to study the difference between the Hebrew (Old) and Christian (New) Scripture.

  Study the idea of covenant as it is related to the life of the Church, the life of Jesus, and individual lives.

  Introduce and study each of the Ten Commandments and the Beatitudes.

  Help children form a right conscience.  The fourth grade student should study, discuss, and develop an appreciation of honesty, concern for all people who need help, and understanding of fairness.

  Introduce and study each of the Ten Commandments.

  Increase understanding of Kingdom of God.

  Increase understanding of the two Great Commandment of Love.

  Develop understanding and appreciation of the power and the gifts of the Holy Spirit in the life of the student.

  Develop understanding that sin is the greatest obstacle we face in our efforts to love God and neighbor.

  Foster an appreciation of the lives of the Saints.
Liturgy / Sacraments 

  Explore more fully the parts of the Liturgical year: Advent, Christmas, Lent and Easter.

  Develop more understanding about the sacrament of Reconciliation and how it helps us to seek and give forgiveness and grow in love.  Students should be encouraged to receive this sacrament regularly.

  Begin to develop understanding and appreciation for the historical traditions behind the components of the Mass:  Penitential, Gloria, Readings, Gospel, Homily, Profession of Faith, Prayers of Petition, Eucharist Prayer, Fraction Rite, Communion, Our Father, Amen, Prayer for Peace, followed by the Dismissal rite.

  Students should be given opportunities to help prepare the Mass as well as participate as lectors, gift bearers, etc.

  Develop understanding that within the Church, we celebrate Eucharist, pray, share the gifts of the Holy Spirit, and try to live according to the Law of Love and the beatitudes.

  Develop understanding of how the Holy Spirit works within the Church to help its members grow in their love of God.

  Introduce students to the Laws of the Church.
Justice / Peace 

  Explore ways to be more just and peaceful in building God's Kingdom - in the classroom, on the playground, in the home, in the community.

  Develop understanding that to be a Christian is to be an involved citizen.

  Develop a sense of fairness and justice as global awareness is fostered.
Service / Christian Witness 

  Develop the understanding that the works of mercy help show love for Jesus.

  Introduce the concept that the Ten Commandments help us to live in freedom, justice and peace.
Develop understanding that to live as a Christian means to share gifts and talents with the family and with others.

Living like Christ 
Gospel stories 
Lives of the Saints 

  St. Elizabeth

  St. John the Baptist

  St. Matthew the Evangelist

  St. Mark the Evangelist

  St. Luke the Evangelist

  St. John the Evangelist

  St. Mary Madgeline

  St. Peter the Apostle

  St. Paul the Apostle

  St. Stephen

  St. Thomas the Apostle

  Lazarus, Martha and Mary

  Help the student grow in appreciation of the Church as a worshipping community, of Christ's action among us in the Eucharist liturgy and in the Sacraments.

  Help the student become a conscious and active member of the Church through an appreciation and celebration of its sacramental life.

  Review the prayers already learned: Sign of the Cross, Our Father, Hail Mary, of Contrition, Apostles' Creed and the Rosary.

  Study the Gloria and the Nicene Creed.

  Provide opportunities for students to use formal, informal and spontaneous prayer.

  Provide opportunities for students to participate in the celebration of the liturgy.

  Continue to use stories from both the Hebrew and Christian Scripture to support instruction.

  Help students to value the Liturgy of Word as an important part of the  Mass.

  Continue to develop understanding of the Ten Commandments: which, along with the Beatitudes and the Gospel values given by Jesus Christ, are the basis of Christian Morality with social ramifications.

  Deepen awareness and appreciation of the Beatitudes and the Spiritual and Corporal works of Mercy.

  Continue to emphasize that sin is a choice for what we know is wrong and that we are responsible for the consequences.

  Continue to develop the student's awareness of the special place in the Church occupied by Mary.

  Foster an appreciation of Jesus as the revealer of God and God's love.

  Continue to foster an understanding and appreciation of Jesus as the Redeemer of humanity.

  Assist students to appreciate the virtues of faith, hope and love.

  Introduce sacramentals and help students to understand that they are reminders of God's presence with us and his unconditional love for us.
Liturgy / Sacraments 

  Introduce and study each of the seven sacraments.

  Help students gain an appreciation of the Liturgical Seasons, Holy Days, and the Mass as the central act of Christian worship.

  Begin to develop understanding and appreciation for the historical traditions behind the components of the Mass:  Penitential, Gloria, Readings, Gospel, Homily, Profession of Faith, Prayers of Petition, Eucharistic Prayer, Fraction Rite, Communion, Our Father, Amen, Prayer for Peace, and the Dismissal Rite.

  Instruct students about the three-cycle agenda of readings; cycles A, B and C.

  Review the marks of the Church:  One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic.

  Develop understanding of the Church as the "Body of Christ" and the "People of God".
Justice / Peace 

  Enrich the understanding that men and women all over the world form one family of God and that we are interdependent people living as a global community.

  Help students to comprehend and value that God created all people equal.
Service / Christian Witness 

  Recall with students how Christian living involves imitating Christ who "came not to be served but to serve".

  Encourage students to make themselves available to the parish community for service.

Following Christ
The Ten Commandments
The Mass
Liturgical Calendar
Lives of the Saints

  St. Bernard

  St. Francis de Sales

  St. Francis Xavier

  St. Helen

  St. Jerome

  St. Maria Goretti

  St. Peter Claver

  St. Therese of Lisieux

  St. Teresa of Avila

  St. Thomas the Apostle

  St. Thomas Aquinas

  Assist the student to see the Bible as the Word of God which tells the story of God's people, of  the events of their lives, and of his loving concern in helping them.

  Help the student be aware that God continues to be revealed through scripture, in the church community and in our lives.

  Review the prayers already taught: Sign of the Cross, Our Father, Hail Mary, Act of Contrition, Apostles' Creed and the Rosary.

  Learn the "Memorare".

  Assist students in composing prayers and praying spontaneously.

  Assist students to gain an understanding of God's saving action as shown in the Old Testament Scripture. The emphasis should be on major events and persons and the idea of covenant should be stressed.

  Review the New Testament Scripture, primarily in the area of the new covenant given by Jesus.

  Continue to help students develop an appreciation of  the Bible as the "Word of God".

  Present a brief and simple explanation of the literary forms of the Bible.

  Involve children in discussion of moral dilemmas and the consequences of one's actions.

  Encourage students to respect life and the basic human rights of all people.

 Continue to study the Ten Commandments and how they effect the lives of Christians.

  Review with students a basic understanding of God's revelation through

  Scripture and Tradition and how God continues to speak to us today.

  Continue to examine and talk about the concept of Kingdom of God.
Liturgy / Sacraments

  Acquaint students with the major feast days of the Church and provide opportunities for celebration.

  Provide opportunities for students to become more fully aware of the reality of sin and of God's loving forgiveness through the Sacrament of Reconciliation.

  Nurture an appreciation of the Eucharist as "banquet", "sacrifice" and memorial" of

  Christ's death and resurrection.

  Help students to realize the special position of Mary in the Church through the

  celebration of her major feast days.

  Continue to develop an appreciation and knowledge of the liturgical year, particularly in the seasons of Advent, Christmas, Lent and Easter.

  Introduce the concept of Ecumenism.

  Foster an appreciation for the concept that the "universal" church is realized in the "local" Church (diocese and parish).

  Help students become aware of the role of the pastor and associate pastors. 

  Discuss role of the laity in the service of the parish.
Justice / Peace

  Guide students to recognize that to be a Christian means to be an active citizen concerned about the world and its problems.

  Help students to become aware of racial and religious prejudices and how to work

  toward overcoming them.

  Encourage students to seek non-violent ways to resolve conflicts in their daily lives.
Service / Christian Witness

  Introduce and develop the idea of "discipleship" both in Jesus' time and how we are called to discipleship for today.

  Review the lives of the Saints and discuss how they reflect Jesus' service to humanity in light of our own call to service.

Language Arts


  Short stories, chapter books, poetry, and plays

  Novels and plots

  Silent reading

  Read orally with ease

  Choral reading

  Presenting stories, plays, puns, riddles, and jokes for entertainment
Study Skills 

  Use a library card catalogue and encyclopedia to locate information

  Using a Bibliography

  Parts of the newspaper

  Telephone directory skills

  Understand word meanings by knowing a root word and adding a variety of prefixes and suffixes

  Use nominative, objective, and possessive forms correctly

  Correctly identify and use:
     Regular and Irregular Verbs 

  Increased legibility and speed in cursive

  Correctly spell words most commonly used

  Increased Dictionary skills

  Simple outlining

  Use a wide variety of words to express feelings and ideas

  Delete superfluous information from own writing

  Write several connected and well-constructed paragraphs
     -Correct margins 
     -Indented words 
     -All one topic 

  Edit and revise own work

  Write personal letters with correct form

  Choose a title for a story

  Written and oral book reports

  Actively listen in a variety of situations

  Listening to literature and poetry

  Select from an oral presentation information needed

  Following multi-step oral directions

  Explain how to do something

  Adapt the content and presentation of a speech to fit the audience


  Distinguish between formal and informal (colloquial) language and their proper uses

  Literal and figurative language
     Imagery and symbolism 
     Sounds in poetry 
     Onomatopoeia and Alliteration 

  Pen Names

  Explain the feelings of characters

  Make wise judgments about what is heard and read

  Detect the use of propaganda or exploitation

  Silent reading

  Adjust the method and rate of reading according to purpose

  Read different types of literature - Tragedy and Comedy
Study Skills 

  Use parts of a book:  Preface, copyright page

  Use a thesaurus

  Use a variety of graphic sources for information
     Maps and globes 
     Scale drawings 
     Charts and graphs 
     Pictures and diagrams 
     Transportation schedules 

  Parts of a newspaper

  Use of study materials:
     Library file cards 
     Table of Contents 
     Reference Materials 

  Synonyms, antonyms and homonyms

  Plurals and possessives

  Agreement in gender and number

  Personal pronouns

  Similes and metaphors

  Use correct subject-verb agreement

  Linking verbs

  Use correct forms of regular and common irregular verbs

  Use adverbs in writing sentences

  Know the restrictions against using double negatives

  Direct and indirect objects

  Nominative and Objective cases

  Possessive cases

  Kinds of sentences and parts of sentences

  Cursive handwriting

  Spell increasingly complex words

  Dictionary use for word meaning, analysis, and spelling


  Paragraph writing

  Preparing a simple bibliography


  Write first and third-person stories

  Write personal letters and envelopes with correct form

  Write a play, stories, reports, and poetry

  Proofreading skills

  Follow the logical organization of an oral presentation

  Make organized oral presentations

  Use a set of reasons to persuade a group

  Participate on committees for problem-solving in groups

  Prioritize facts in order of importance


  Reading silently and skimming

  Recognize and use personification in stories

  Analysis of poetry
      Rhyme Scheme
      Free verse
Study Skills

  Use periodicals and reference works to locate information

  Use an atlas: locate places by longitude and latitude 

  Organization of a book

  Using reference books and indexes 

  Simple note taking

  Bibliography building

  Write and use footnotes and appendices

  Write a simple bibliography

  Concept of noun, pronoun, verb, adjective, and adverb 

  Use quotations with certain titles

  Dependent and independent clauses

  Four types of sentences

  Use semicolons and colons properly

  Use "well" and "good" appropriately

  Identify direct objects of verbs

  Sentence diagramming

  Homonyms, Synonyms, and Antonyms

  Cursive handwriting

  Using roots, prefixes, and suffixes 

  Vocabulary building 

  Use dictionary to determine word origins and histories

  More complex spelling

  Sentence structure

  Include a wide variety of sentences in paragraphs

  Writing narration, description, exposition, and persuasion

  Writing outlines, letter, factual matter: reports, newspaper articles

  Writing verse (limericks, ballads)

  Writing creative prose (diaries, stories)

  Write business letters using correct form

  Increase listening skills

  Determine a speaker's motive, bias, point of view

  Use a wide and appropriate variety of rate, volume, and physical movement in oral presentation

Liturature-Based Texts

  Myths from Medieval England

  The Sword in the Stone

  The Legend of King Arthur and the

  Knights of the Round Table

  Historical chronicles

  Historical fiction



  Newspaper articles

  Children's Magazines

  Adler-Cam Jensen&the Mystery of the Stolen Diamonds

  Aiken-The Moon's Revenge

  Alcott-Little Women

  Atwater-Mr. Popper's Penguins

  Bolton-Fr. Junipero Serra

  Bond-Paddington Bear

  Buck-Big Wave

  Butterworth-The Enormous Egg

  Byars-Beans on the Roof

  Byers-Not Just Anybody Family

  Catling-The Chocolate Touch

  Christopher-The Dog That Stole Footballs

  Clark-Father Kimo, Priest to the Pimas

  Cleary-The Mouse and the Motorcycle (series)

  Cleary-Ramona the Pest

  Cohen-Molly's Pilgrim

  Conford-Jenny Archer, Author

  Corbett-The Case of the Ticklish Tooth


  Dahl-James and the Giant Peach

  Defoe-Robinson Crusoe

  Delton-Angel's Mother's Baby

  Derleth-Father Marquette and the Great River

  Dillon-What's Happened to Harry

  Fleishnam-By the Great Horn Spoon

  Greenwald-Valentine Rose

  Havill-It Always Happens to Leona

  Heide-Banana Blitz

  Hildick-The Case of the Invisible Dog

  Honeycutt-All New Jonah Twist


  Hurwitz-Aldo Ice Cream

  Hurwitz-Hot and Cold Summer

  Irving-Rip Van Winkle

  Irving-The Legend of Sleepy Hollow

  Keller-Desdemona:Twelve Going on Desperate

  Leach-The Thing at the Foot of the Bed


  Levy-Dracula is a Pain in the Neck

  Lindgren-Pippi Longstocking

  Lomask-St. Isaac and the Indians

  Maclachlan-Arthur for the First Time

  Martin-Ma and Pa Dracula

  McCloskey-Homer Price

  O'Dell-Island of the Blue Dolphins

  Parish-Haunted House

  Pearce-Lion at School and Other Stories

  Pinkwater-Fat Men from Space

  Prelutsky-New Kid on the Block

  Rockwell-How to Eat Fried Worms

  Sceiszka-True Story of the 3 Little Pigs: by a Wolf

  Silverstein-Where the Sidewalk Ends

  Sobol-Encyclopedia Brown (Series)

  Smith-The Show and Tell War

  Smith-War With Grandpa

  Sommer/Bodenberg-If You Want to Scare Yourself

  Swift-Gulliver's Travels-Part I

  Wilder-Little House Books

  Winthrop-Castle in the Attic

  Young-Lon Po Po: A Red Riding Hood Story from China

  The Sun Dance-Plains Indians Folktale

  Afternoon on a Hill-St.Vincent Millay

  Hiawatha's Childhood-Longfellow


  America for Me-Van Dyke

  Sea Fever-Masefield

  Christmas Everywhere-Brooks

  The Duel-Field

  The Fool's Prayer-Sill

  The Bells-Poe



  Christopher Columbus-Benet

  Hernando De Soto-Benet


  Captain Kidd-Benet

  George Washington-Benet
Sayings and Phrases 

  Haste makes waste

  Live and let live

  When it rains it pours

  Blow hot and cold

  Beauty is only skin deep

  Seeing is believing

  As the crow flies

  Break the ice

  Bull in the china shop

  Bury the hatchet

  Can't hold a candle to


  Go to pot

  Land of Nod

  Make ends meet

  Once in a blue moon

  On the warpath




  Through thick and thin


  Lightning never strikes in the same place twice

  An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure

  Don't count your chickens before they hatch

  The bigger they are the harder they fall

  Don't put all your eggs in one basket

  One picture is worth a thousand words

  Money burning a hole in your pocket

  Birds of a feather flock together

  Half a loaf is better than none

  Make hay while the sun shines

  Two wrongs don't make a right

  The early bird gets the worm

  Laugh, and the world laughs with you; weep, and you weep alone

  You can lead a horse to water, but you can't make it drink



  Detective fiction

  Adventure tales

  Current Events-Newspaper articles


  Brink-Caddie Woodlawn

  Cleary-Dear Mr. Henshaw

  de Cervantes-Adventures of Don Quixote

  Doyle-Adventures of Sherlock Holmes

  Forbes-Johnny Tremain

  Homer-The Iliad and the Odyssey

  Lincoln-Gettysburg Address

  Nevins-Builders of Catholic America

  Shakespeare-Julius Caesar

  Twain-The Adventures of Tom Sawyer

  Benjamin Franklin-Benet

  John Adams-Benet

  George Washington-Benet

  John Paul Jones-Benet

  John Quincy Adams-Benet

  Lewis and Clark-Benet

  Jesu dulcis memoria-St. Bernard of Clairveux (English Translation G.M. Hopkins)

  The Destruction of Sennecharib-Lord Byron


  The Concord Hymn-Emerson

  Battle Hymn of the Republic-Howe

  The Spider and the Fly-Howitt

  The Star Spangled Banner-Francis Scott Key

  The Arrow and the Song-Longfellow

  Paul Revere's Ride-Longfellow

  Ballad of John Henry-Perkins

  Sheridan's Ride-Read


  Casey at the Bat-Thayer

  O Captain! My Captain!-Whitman

Sayings and Phrases 

  Bite the hand that feeds you

  Catch forty winks

  Chip on your shoulder

  Count your blessings


  Few and far between

  Every cloud has a silver lining

  Lock, stock, and barrel

  Great oaks from little acorns

  Sit on the fence

  Kill two birds with one stone

  Read between the lines

  Make a mountain out of a molehill

  Vice versa

  A penny saved is a penny earned

  Steal his/her thunder

  Take the bull by the horns

  Time heals all wounds

  A watched pot never boils

  Well begun is half done

  What will be, will be

  The grass is always greener on the other side

  Out of the frying pan and into the fire

  Where there's a will, there's a way

  When in Rome, do as the Romans do

  Introduction to mythology

     Apollo and Daphne
     Orpheus and Eurydice
     Echo and Narcissus
     Cupid and Psyche

  Types of literature

  Lyric, narrative, and dramatic poetry

  Adamson-Born Free

  Bishop-The Secret Cave

  Brink-Caddie Woodlawn

  Burnett-The Secret Garden

  Dickens-Oliver Twist

  George-My Side of the Mountain

  Henry-Brighty of Grand Canyon

  Irving-Rip Van Winkle

  John F. Kennedy: Inaugural Address

  Martin Luther King, Jr.: "I Have a Dream"

  Kipling-Captains Courageous

  Mooyart-Anne Frank:the Diary of a Young Girl

  O'Brien-Mrs. Frisby and the Rats of NIMH

  O'Dell-The Island of the Blue Dolphin

  Rawlings-The Yearling

  Seredy-The Singing Tree

  Shakespeare-Romeo and Juliet

  Wiggin-Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm

  All the World's a Stage-Shakespeare 

  A Psalm of Life-Longfellow

  The Charge of the Light Brigade-Tennyson 

  The Children's Hour-Longfellow 

  Father William-Carroll 

  I Like to See It Lap the Miles-Dickenson 


  The Lake Isle of Innisfree-Yeats 

  The Raven-Poe 

  The Road Not Taken-Frost 

  This is Just to Say-Williams

  Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening-Frost 

Sayings and Phrases 

  All for one and one for all 

  All's well that ends well

  To bite the dust 

  Catch as catch can

  Eat humble pie 

  Give the devil his due

  Good fences make good neighbors 

  He who hesitates is lost

  He who laughs last laughs best 

  To have the last laugh

  Little strokes fell great oaks 

  Hitch your wagon to a star 

  Money is the root of all evil 

  Nose out of joint

  It's not over till it's over 

  On tenderhooks

  Nothing will come of nothing 

  Once bitten, twice shy

  Nothing comes of nothing 


  Pot calling the kettle black 

  Rule of thumb

  Rome wasn't built in a day 

  A stitch in time saves nine

  Strike while the iron is hot 

  Tempest in a teapot

  To have a bee in your bonnet 


  Truth is stranger than fiction 

  Wolf in sheep's clothing

  The best-laid plans of mice and men go oft awry 

  A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush 

  Don't cut off your nose to spite your face 

  If wishes were horses, beggars would ride 

  The proof of the pudding is in the eating 

  There's more than one way to skin a cat 

  A fool and his money are soon parted 

  Don't look a gift horse in the mouth

  Necessity is the mother of invention

  Procrastination is the thief of time 

  A friend in need is a friend indeed 

  Leopard can't change its spots 


  Mademoiselle, Madame, Monsieur

  Senorita, Senora, Senor 




Read, count, and write numbers from 1 to 1,000,000 
Place Value 
Standard and Expanded Forms 
Commas and Place Value 
Comparing Numbers 
Problem solving methods 
Word problems 
Working with U.S. Customary and Metric System units of measurement 
Find simple averages 
Prime numbers less than 100 
Prime factoring 
Numeration systems 
Charts and graphs 
Know Roman numerals from I to C 
Know money value of all denominations 

  Large Sums

  Add any whole numbers

  Mental addition

  Large Differences

  Subtract any whole numbers

  Mental subtraction

  Review of multiplication

  Properties of multiplication


  Multiplying by tens

  Multiplying Two-digit numbers

  Checking multiplication

  Multiplying money

  Multiplying hundreds

  Multiplying Three-digit numbers

  Multiplying with Zeros

  Mental multiplication with zeros

  Multiplying three numbers

  Writing division answers

  Understanding remainders

  Zeros in quotients

  Dividing larger numbers

  Mental Division

  Factors & Common Factors

  Common multiples

  Dividing by tens

  Dividing Two-digit numbers

  Adjusting the quotient

  Dividing by thousands

  Estimating quotients

  Planes and rays

  Types of angles

  Perpendicular lines

  Parallel lines

  Radius and diameter

  Recognize spheres, cylinders, cubes









  Points on a grid

  Formula for the area of a triangle

  Perimeter and Area



  Similar figures

  Compare fractions with the same denominator

  Fractions in the lowest terms

  Meaning of mixed numbers

  Improper fractions and mixed numbers

  Writing remainders as fractions

  Adding and subtracting fractions

  Tenths, Hundredths, and Thousandths

  Reading and writing decimals

  Decimals as fractions

  Writing decimals with zeros

  Reading decimals on a number line

  Comparing decimals

  Rounding decimals

  Adding and subtracting decimals

  Money and decimals

  Tell time to the nearest second

  Changing units of time

  Adding and subtracting time
Working with time through noon or midnight

  Reading and writing numbers to 10 places

  Estimate results, Rounding

  Compute averages

  Set of integers

  Numeration systems

  Word problems in daily life

  Charts and graphs
     Picture, bar, line, and circle graphs 

  Concept of sampling


  Opposite operations, equations

  Functions and inverse operations

  Graphing functions

  Writing and solving equations for word problems

  Rates of speed

  Add whole numbers

  Adding fractions

  Adding mixed numbers

  Adding with different measurement units

  Subtract whole numbers

  Subtracting fractions

  Subtracting with different measurement units

  Multiplication and Division as opposite operations

  Multiply whole numbers and fractions

  Multiplying decimals by 10, 100, 1000

  Multiplying decimals by decimals

  Multiply using multiple digits

  Multiply money

  Multiplying time

  Rules for Divisibility

  Divide whole numbers

  Dividing by 10, 100, 1000

  Divide using multiple digits

  Short division

  Long division

  Dividing decimals by whole numbers

  Rounding decimal quotients

  Writing zeros in the dividend

  Dividing whole numbers without remainders

  Checking divisions which are not exact

  Dividing time
Fractions and Decimals 

  Mixed numbers

  Common and decimal fractions

  Decimal place value

  Decimals on the number line

  Decimals to thousandths

  Estimating decimal sums and differences

  Estimating decimal products

  Checking decimal products

  Add fractions

  Subtract fractions

  Greatest common factor

  Equivalent fractions

  Lowest terms

  Least Common Multiple

  Comparing fractions

  Fractions on the number line

  Decimals, mixed numbers, and fractions

Ratios and percent 


  Percent with fractions and decimals

  Finding a percent of a number

  Read and use percentages

  Measuring angles

  Different kinds of triangles

  Area review and metric units of area

  Finding the area of a triangle

  Finding the area of a parallelogram

  Volume and surface area

  Volume and capacity








  Constructing a Cube

  Constructing a Rectangular Prism

  Finding the Volume of a rectangular prism




  Congruent figures

  Incongruent figures

  Measuring temperature using Celsius and Fahrenheit

  Changing units in the metric system

  Changing U.S. Customary and Metric units of Volume

  Measuring length to a sixteenth of an inch

  Convert measurements
     Pints, quarts, gallons, milliliters, liters 

  Make change

  Time measurements from seconds to years

  Measure and calculate elapsed time

  Read, count, order, and write numbers to the trillions

  Round any number to its nearest place

  Factor prime numbers

  Use decimals to the thousandth's place



  Expanded notation

  Calculators and the Order of Operations

  Greater Than or Equal To

  Less Than or Equal To



  Operations of powers

  Scale drawings

  Customary and metric measurement

  Problem analysis


  Mean, Median, Range, and Mode


  Making a circle graph

  Possible outcomes using a tree diagram

  Interpreting graphs

  Setting up a proportion and proportional sets of numbers

  Concepts of averages and sampling

  Set of integers

  Positive and negative integers

  Opposite integers

  Rules for integers

  Rules for adding integers

  Rule for adding opposite integers

  Rule for subtracting integers

  The coordinate plane

  Graphing a function

  Fundamental operations of compound denominate numbers
Addition and Subtraction

  Add and subtract decimals

  Find percentages
Multiplication and Division

  Multiply and divide fractions and mixed numbers

  Division notation

  Dividing by decimals

  Dividing by a decimal in fraction form

  Multiplying and dividing numbers close to 1

  Multiplying the Dividend and Divisor by other numbers

  Relationship between common and decimal fractions

  Writing mixed and whole numbers as fractions

  Multiplying whole numbers and fractions

  Multiplying mixed numbers


  Dividing mixed numbers

  Word problems with fractions

  Estimating fraction and mixed number products & quotients

  Different forms of the same number

  Writing fractions as percents

  Percents greater than 100%

  Increasing and decreasing an amount by a certain percent

  Finding what percent one number is of another

  Finding an unknown number when a percent is known

  Rules of parallel and perpendicular lines

  Properties of Parallelograms
    Rhombuses and Rectangles

  Construction of a:
    Perpendicular Line

  Bisecting an angle 

  Constructing and angle congruent to a given angle

  Angles of a triangle

  Special triangles

  Constructing special angles

  Different signs in geometry

  Concepts of similarity, congruence, and symmetry

  Identify and measure angles and arcs

  Identify types of triangles


  Calculate areas of triangles and rectangles

  Rigid motions

  Area and Volume

  Formula for area

  Changing units of area

  Circumference of a circle

  Area of a circle


  Constructing cubes and rectangular prisms

  Volume of a prism

  Changing units of volume

Social Studies/History

Social Studies 

  Reasons for our laws

  Types of community life

  State history and development - Blessed Junipero Serra

  Missions in the State of California

  Relation of state to its region, the nation, and world
World History 

  The T'ang Dynasty of China

  The Sung Dynasty

  Ghengis Khan

  Kublai Khan

  The Travels of Marco Polo

  The Ottoman Empire and the End of Byzantium
American History 

  The American Revolution through the eyes of:
     George Washington 
     General Bernardo de Galvez 
     Marquis de Lafayette 

  Valley Forge

  Benedict Arnold

  Molly Pitcher

  Yankee Doodle

  American Slavery

  Development of the State and Federal Governments

  The Articles of the Constitution

  James Madison and The Constitutional Convention

  George Washington: The first president

  Taxation with representation

  Political Parties

  Thomas Jefferson

  Alexander Hamilton

  The War of 1812 and Tecumseh

  James Monroe and the Monroe Doctrine

  Andrew Jackson

  The Mexican/American War

  Dorothea Dix

  Horace Mann and the Public Schools

  Elizabeth Ann Seton

  Women's Sufferage and the Right to Vote

  Dividing the World into sections
     North Pole & South Poles 
     Eastern & Western Hemispheres 

  Climatic regions: regions of the four seasons
     Hot, cold, and mild regions 

  Mountainous regions

  Earth's resources

  Map skills:  Longitude, Latitude, Scale, Degree, Minutes

  Using a globe

  Time zones



  Mountains-location of the following:
     The Alps 
     The Andes 
     The Appalachians 
     The Atlas Mountains 
     Mont Blanc 
     The cordillera (backbone) 
     Mt. Everest 
     The Himalayas 
     Mt. Kilimanjaro 
     Mt. McKinley 
     The Rockies 
     The Urals 
    The Scandinavian Peninsula 

  Middle East

  The United States: Mountains and plains

Social Studies 

  Government: principles and documents



  Life in the U.S. and its possessions
World History 

  Fertile Crescent: Mesopotamian Civilizations

  Egypt: The Nile River Valley

  Indian Civilizations in the Americas
     The Mayan way of life and learning styles 
     The Ansazi-Pueblo Builders 
     The Aztecs: the eagle on the cactus 

  Aztec religion

  Montezuma and Cortes

  The Incas

  European Exploration

  The Muslim control of trade

  Early Portuguese explorations

  Review of Christopher Columbus

  Da Gama and Cabral


  Zheng He

  The Dutch Explorers

  The English Explorers

  The New World Colonies

  The Transatlantic Slave Trade

  East Africa: the Swahili City-states

  Renaissance Period

  Islamic Civilization

  The Medici Family

  The invention of the printing press and the Bible

  Martin Luther and the Protestant Reformation

  John Calvin

  The Counter-Reformation

  Henry VIII

  Elizabeth I

  Mary, Queen of Scots

  The Spanish Armada

  Feudal Japan
     Buddhism, Confucianism, Shintoism 

     Ivan the Great 
     Ivan the Terrible 
     Peter the Great 
     Catherine the Great 

     France: Rene Descartes 
     Isaac Newton 

  The French Revolution
     Louis XIV 
     Three estates and the old regime 
     Church, Nobility, general Public 
     The Monarch 

  Napoleon & Waterloo
American History 

  North and South Division

  The Missouri Compromise

  Uncle Tom's Cabin

  Slave Resistance

  The Dred Scot Decision

  Abraham Lincoln

  The Lincoln-Douglas debates

  The Tenth Amendment to the Constitution

  Lincoln Elected-Southern states secede

  Fort Sumter: the beginning of the Civil War

  Confederate & Union Soldiers

  Robert E. Lee & Ulysses S. Grant

  The Emancipation Proclamation

  African-American troops in the Civil War

  The Union Army's 54th Massachusetts Volunteers

  The Battle at Gettysburg

  Surrender at Appomattox

  Lincoln assassinated by John Wilkes Booth


  Andrew Johnson

  Black codes

  The Freedmens Bureau

  The impeachment of President Johnson

  The 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments

  Native American Indian Culture
     Indians of the Southwest 
     Indians of the Pacific Northwest 
     Indians of the Great Basin and the Plateau 
     The Great Plains Indians 

  The Gold Rush and the Forty-Niners

  The Pony Express

  The Transcontinental Railroad


  The American Indians removed to Reservations

  The Indian Wars

  The disappearance of the buffalo

  The Sioux War of 1875-76: Little Big Horn

  Attempts to assimilate the Indians

  Splitting up the Reservations

  The Age of Industry and Invention

  Industrialism, Capitalists, and Monopolies

  George Washington Carver


  Reformers and the Reform Movements

  Farmers and the Rise of Populism

  Women struggle for equal rights

  Theodore Roosevelt

  The Cuban War and the Spanish-American War

  Map and globe skills

  Geographical Terminology
     Prime Meridian, Reference points, Map scale 
     Arctic Circle, Antarctic Circle, Tropics 
     Climate Zones, Time 

  Formation of Lakes and Oceans
     Natural dams 
     Salty lakes and river sources 
     How Waves are formed 

  Faults in the Earth's crust


  Regions of the United States

  Geography of the U.S. -  States and regions

  Countries and cultures of the Western Hemisphere
     Central America, West Indies, South America 

  Natural resources of the U.S.

  Canada and Mexico

  Relationship of the U.S. and Canada

  Comparative cultures of Canada

Social Studies 

  Our world, its diverse people and their societies

  Countries and cultures of: 
     the Eastern Hemisphere
     the Western Hemisphere

  Relationships among nations

  Customs, traditions, beliefs

  Political and economic systems

  Milestones in human achievement

  Transportation and communication

  World trade

  Citizenship and social responsibility

  World History

  Canadian History and Development

  Independence in the Americas

  Colonial Mexico
     Miguel Hidalgo
     Mexican Independence - Fr. Jose Maria Morelos
     Santa Anna
     The Mexican-American War
     Benito Juarez
     Porfirio Diaz
     Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata

  Simon Bolivar

  Jose de San Martin

  Prince Pedro of Portugal

  James Monroe and the Monroe Doctrine

    Post-Napoleonic Times
    The Industrial Revolution
    The Invention of the Steam Engine & the Railroad
    The Plight of the Factory Workers

  Child Labor


  Capitalism and Socialism

  The British Empire
     Queen Victoria
     British Imperialism
     British Rule in India/Gandhi
     The British in Australia
     Britain in China-The Opium Wars

  The Boxer Rebellion

     The end of the slave trade
     Missionaries and Explorers
     David Livingstone & Henry M. Stanley
     Industrialism and Nationalism
     The Belgians in the Congo
     The Ashanti
     Europeans in South Africa
     The Boers and the Zulu
     Cecil Rhodes

  Europe, Nationhood, and War

  Nationalism and the Unification of Italy

  Bismark and the Unification of Germany

  Kaiser Wilhelm II

  The Ottomans

  American History

  World War I
     American Neutrality
     The sinking of the Lusitania
     The Russian Revolution

  After World War I
     Prosperity and Progress
     Henry Ford and the Model T
     Charles Lindbergh
     The History of the Film Industry
     The Roaring twenties
     The Great Depression
     Herbert Hoover
     The New Deal and Social Security
     The "Indian New Deal"
     The Dust Bowl and the "Okies"
     Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt

  World War II
     Hitler's rise to power
     Pearl Harbor & the American entry in the war
     The Axis versus the Allies
     The Holocaust
     The women on the home front
     The internment of Japanese-Americans
     The Meeting at Yalta
     Harry Truman
     Germany surrenders
     The atomic bomb
     Hiroshima, Nagasaki, and Japan's surrender

  The Superpowers

  The Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan

  The Development of the United Nations

  The Cold War with the Soviet Union

  The "Military-Industrial Complex"

  The nuclear arms race


  The Korean War

  America in the 1950's
     The suburbs
     Age of television
     Segregation and Civil Rights
     The "Jim Crowe" Laws
     Jackie Robinson and the Integration of Baseball
     Oliver Brown vs. the Board of Education
     Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott
     Martin Luther King, Jr.
     Civil Disobedience
     The Civil Rights March on Washington

  The Sixties and After
     John F. Kennedy
     The Berlin Wall
     The Cuban Missile Crisis
     The Space Race
     The assassination of Kennedy
     Lyndon Johnson
     Malcolm X
     The assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.
     Cesar Chavez
     Native Americans
     The Vietnam War
     The Hawks and the Doves
     The "generation gap"
     The Moon landing
     The End of the Cold War
     Watergate and Richard Nixon
     The Women's Liberation Movement
     The Equal Rights Amendment
     The Bicentennial Celebration

  Map and globe skills
     Outline maps skills
     Geography facts, including the 50 states
     The Mercator projection
     Conic and plane projections

      What and where are deserts
      Weather patterns and the formation of deserts
      Man-made deserts


Life Science 

  The history of the Earth and its life forms
    Fossil records 
    Fossil formation 
    Types of fossils 
    Reading rocks 
    Telling how old the Earth is 

  Dividing the Earth's story into chapters

  Plant life and structure


    Balance of nature 
    Environment of local state 

  Biological organization and classification systems
    The insect world 
    The reptile world 

  Plants and animals of the past
Physical Science 

  Earth and its history

  Earthquakes and the Earth's plates



  Predicting and measuring earthquakes and volcanoes

  Continental drift

  How mountains are made

  Rock formation

  Rock and mineral classification

  Weathering and weather's influence


  Types of weathering

  How the Great Lakes were formed

  The Dust Bowl Era

  Climate and Weather

  Seasons and their causes


  Oceans and the hydrosphere

  Our atmosphere

  Hot and cold air

  How air masses affect weather and climate

  Clouds and water vapor




  Measuring the weather

  Air and water pollution

  Solar system and the universe

  Living in space

  Geologic features

  Energy sources


  Fossil fuels and the environment


  Nuclear energy from fission

  Wind and solar energy

  Geothermal energy

  Nuclear fusion

  Magnets and electricity

  Marie Curie

  Alexander Fleming

  Elizabeth Blackwell

  Daniel Hale Williams

Life Science 

  Animal and plant classification 






  Plants and their food 
     Sexual Reproduction in mosses and ferns 

  Conifer seeds 

  Flowers and flower fertilization 

  Seed development 

     Parts of a cell 

  Human body 

  Animal reproduction and growth 
     Development of the embryo 
     Care and growth of young 
     Growth stages 
     Human growth stages 
     Adolescence and puberty 
     The human reproductive system 

  Asexual reproduction in larger plants and animals 

  Biological adaptations 

  Biological communities 

  Pet care 
Physical Science 

  Mechanical Concepts 
     Matter and Mass 
     Length and Time 
     Force and work 
     Energy and power 
     Heat and matter 
     Expansion and Contraction 
     Heat and temperature 

  Transferring heat energy 

     The electric circuit 
     The light bulb 
     Alternating current 
     Volts, Amps, and Ohms 
     Electric power 
     Electrified communications 
     Motion, Engines, and Motors 
     From steam to gasoline 
     The internal combustion engine 
     Jet engines and rocket engines 

  Isaac Newton 

  Anton van Leeuwenhoek 

  Ernest Just 

Life Science

  Classification of living things


  Ecology and the environment



  Algae and fungi

  Food for growth and energy

  Sexual and Asexual Reproduction
     Diploid and Haploid cells
     Cellular Mitosis and Meiosis

  Heredity and Chromosomes
     Gregor Mendel




  Instinct and learning

  Physical Science

  Climate and weather

  Recycling and resources

     John Dalton and atoms
     The Periodic Table
     Acids, Bases, and Chemical Reactions

  Elements and compounds

  Elementary geology


  Water - Why ice doesn't sink


  Simple astronomy

  Space and space travel

  Scientific theory

  Inventions and discoveries

  Magnets and electricity

  Electricity and its uses

  Atomic Energy

  Nuclear energy and radioactivity

  Solar and geothermal energy



     Speed, wavelength, and frequency
     Traveling faster than sound

     Nature and speed
     Rays of light
     White light and the light spectrum
     Frequency and wavelength
     When light hits an object

     Curved reflectors
     How a flashlight works

  Refraction and lenses
     Concave and Convex

  Cameras, telescopes, and microscopes

  Albert Einstein

  Percy Lavon Julian

  Barbara McClintock

  Severo Ochoa

  James Watson and Francis Crick

  Wilber and Orville Wright


Health / Safety 


  Growth and heredity


  Personal and mental hygiene

  Dental health

  The body and its functions
    The Respiratory system 
    The circulatory system 
        Blood vessels 
        The Heart 
        Following the circuit 
    Stopping up the system 
    Skeletal and muscular systems 
    Care and proper use of the body 

  Principles of digestion

  Basic food groups


  Organized sports and games

  Creative dance

Health / Safety 

  Skeletal and muscular systems 

  Genetic traits 

  Elementary first aid 

  Dental hygiene 

  Our water supply 

  Sewage disposal 

  Care of the Eyes 

  Nutrition and Diet 


  Germ-bearing insects and pests 

  Community health resources 

  Bicycle and water safety 




  Square Dance 

Health / Safety


  Our food supply

  A healthy diet and the food pyramid

  Personal appearance

  Dental health

  Human anatomy
    The Heart
    Human reproduction and growth
    Bones and muscles
    The immune system and disease
    White blood cells

  Infectious diseases
    Noncommunicable diseases

  Treatment and prevention of disease

  Drugs: Helpful and Harmful

  Accident prevention

  Safety and first aid

  The health profession

  Understanding emotions

  Coping with stress and anxiety


  Physical activities

  Exercise and fitness


Visual Art 

  Design in art

  Domed churches

  The Architecture of Abbot Sugar

  Gothic Cathedrals

  Rose Windows

  Free-standing statues

  African arts

  Gothic styles in modern times


Visual Art 

  Gothic to Renaissance 

  Human form 

  Florence and its Architecture 

  Brunelleschi's Revolutionary design 

  Michelangelo - The statue of David 


  Vanishing point perspective 

  Leonardo da Vinci - The Last Supper Fresco 

  The Sistine Chapel 

  Jan Van Eyck 

  Rembrandt van Rijn 

  Jacques-Louis David 

  Moorish Architecture in Europe 

  The Taj Majal 

  The Stone Gardens of Japan 


  Dramatic presentations 

Visual Art

  Greek and Roman Art

     Henry O. Tanner
     Winslow Homer

     Claude Monet
     Vincent Van Gogh

     Auguste Rodin

     Pablo Picasso
     Navajo sand paintings
     Yoruba Sculpture
     Edvard Munch

  Non-representational Art
     Nighthawks-Edward Hopper
     Christina's World-Andrew Wyeth

     Frank Lloyd Wright


  Dramatic presentations

  Play writing



  The Major scale
     Do, Re, Mi, Fa, So, La, Ti, Do 



  The Tonic or I Chord

  The Dominant of V Chord
Classical Music 

     Four-part harmony 
     The Brandenburg Concerti 

  Suites for Orchestra

  The Orchestra

  Vivaldi - The Four Seasons

  Handel - The Messiah - Water Music

  Britten - A Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra

  Prokofiev - Peter and the Wolf

  Saint-Saens - Carnival of the Animals

  Leopold Mozart - The Toy Symphony

  Music theory 
     Melody and Chords 
     The shape of melodies 

     The Magic Flute 
     The Beginner's Sonata 
     Hunt Quartet 
     Eine Kleine Nachtmusik 

     Third Symphony 
     Fifth Symphony 
     Sixth Symphony 
     Violin Concerto in D 

     Rite of Spring 
     The Firebird Ballet 

  Gustav Holst 
     The Planets 

  John Philip Sousa 

  Scott Joplin 

  The Orchestra 


     two-part harmony 

     Tap and Folk 

  Identification of musical instruments 

  Music theory
     Sharps and flats: the black keys
     Whole steps and half steps
     Minor chords
     The V7 chord
     Rhythm and syncopation
     Patterns in music
     Theme and variations

  Mozart: Piano Sonata in A, K.331, 1st movement

  Crescendo and diminuendo

  Singing harmony


  American Music
     Duke Ellington: Jazz
     George Gershwin: Rhapsody in Blue
     Aaron Copeland: Appalachian Spring


  Identification of musical instruments


Junior High
High School